Members and certain veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces are eligible to apply for
United States Citizenship under special provisions of the Immigration and Nationality
Act (INA). In addition, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has
streamlined the application and US Naturalization process for military personnel
serving on active-duty or recently discharged. Generally, qualifying service for
the US naturalization is in one of the following branches: Army, Navy, Air Force,
Marine Corps, Coast Guard, certain reserve components of the National Guard and
the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve.
Qualifications for US Naturalization:
A member of the U.S. Armed Forces must meet certain requirements and qualifications
to apply for US Naturalization. This includes demonstrating:
Qualified members of the U.S. Armed Forces are exempt from other US naturalization
requirements, including residency and physical presence in the United States.
These exceptions are listed in Sections 328 and 329 of the INA.
- Good moral character; ;
- Knowledge of the English language;
- Knowledge of U.S. government and history (civics); and
- Attachment to the United States by taking an Oath of Allegiance
to the U.S. Constitution.
All aspects of the US naturalization process, including applications, interviews
and ceremonies are available overseas to members of the U.S. Armed Forces.
An individual who obtains U.S. naturalization through his or her military service
and separates from the military under “other than honorable conditions”
before completing five years of honorable service may have his or her citizenship
Service in Wartime:
All immigrants who have served honorably on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces
or as a member of the Selected Ready Reserve on or after September 11, 2001 are
eligible to file for US naturalization under the special wartime provisions in
Section 329 of the INA. This section also covers veterans of designated past wars
Service in Peacetime:
Section 328 of the INA applies to all members of the U.S. Armed Forces or those
already discharged from service. An individual may qualify for US naturalization
if he or she has:
How to Apply for US Naturalization:
- Served honorably for at least one year.
- Obtained lawful permanent resident status.
- Filed an application while still in the service or within six months of
Every military installation has a designated point-of-contact to assist with filing
the military US naturalization application packet. Once complete, the package
is sent to the USCIS Nebraska Service Center for expedited processing. That package
- Application for US Naturalization (USCIS Form N-400) (Members of the military
are not charged a fee to file the Form N-400.)
- Request for Certification of Military or Naval Service (USCIS Form N-426)
- Biographic Information (USCIS Form G-325B)
Section 329A of the INA provides for grants of Posthumous Citizenship to certain members of the U.S. Armed Forces. Other provisions of law extend benefits to surviving spouses, children, and parents. A member of the U.S. Armed Forces who served honorably during a designated period of hostilities and dies as a result of injury or disease incurred in, or aggravated by, that service (including death in combat) may receive posthumous citizenship.
- The service member’s next of kin, the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary’s designee in USCIS must make this request for posthumous citizenship within two years of the service member’s death.
- Under section 319(d) of the INA, a spouse, child, or parent of a U.S. citizen, who dies while serving honorably in active-duty status in the U.S. Armed Forces, can file for US naturalization if the family member meets the naturalization requirements other than residency and physical presence.
- For other immigration purposes, a surviving spouse (unless he or she remarries), child, or parent of a member of the U.S. Armed Forces who served honorably on active duty and died as a result of combat, and was a citizen at the time of death (including a posthumous grant of citizenship) is considered an immediate relative for two years after the service members dies and may file a petition for classification as an immediate relative during such period. A surviving parent may file a petition even if the deceased service member had not reached age 21.
Statistics on US Naturalization:
- USCIS has naturalized more than 36,920 members of the U.S. Armed Forces
since the beginning of the War on Terror. (September 2001)
- In October 2004, USCIS hosted the first overseas military US naturalization
ceremony since the Korean War. During this time and since, USCIS has naturalized
more than 4,735 Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen and Marines during ceremonies in
Afghanistan, Djibouti, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kenya,
Kosovo, Kuwait, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom and in the Pacific
aboard the USS Kitty Hawk.
- USCIS has granted posthumous citizenship to 109 members of the U.S. Armed
Forces stemming from the War on Terror.
- Historically, the U.S. government has conducted overseas military US naturalization
ceremonies during times of war. During World War II, 20,011 service members
were naturalized overseas. During the Korean War, 7,756 service members were
naturalized overseas. Although authorized, no overseas military naturalization
ceremonies were held during the Vietnam War.