The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) today reminded employers
who use the H-2B nonimmigrant visa program to fill their temporary labor workforce
needs that the “returning worker” provisions initially enacted in the “Save
Our Small and Seasonal Businesses Act of 2005” (“SOS Act”) expire on September
30, 2007. The “returning worker” provisions exempt from the annual H-2B fiscal
year cap those aliens who were counted toward the H-2B numerical limit during
any one of the three fiscal years preceding the fiscal year of the requested
employment start date.
Under current law, employers who file H-2B petitions identify and certify
those workers who qualify as “returning workers.” The USCIS has begun to
receive petitions from employers requesting H-2B workers for employment start
dates in FY2008. It is to be seen whether the H-2B “returning worker” provisions
will be extended by Congress. However, USCIS is urging prospective H-2B employers
to continue to identify and certify those workers who qualify as “returning
workers” when filing petitions for employment start dates in FY2008. This
will enable USCIS to adjust the counting of H-2B nonimmigrant workers for
FY2008 correctly should the “returning worker” provisions be further extended.
USCIS notes that the controlling date for H-2B fiscal year cap counting
is the requested employment start date. Therefore, petitions filed by prospective
H-2B employers for “returning workers” with requested employment start
dates of September 30, 2007 or earlier will continue to be approved by
USCIS if all other eligibility requirements are met, and those “returning
workers” identified and certified within such petitions will be deemed
exempt from the FY2007 cap.
As a result of the expiration of the “returning worker” provisions,
however, all petitions requesting H-2B workers for new employment with
an employment start date of October 1, 2007 or later (e.g. FY2008 employment)
will be counted toward the annual H-2B cap of 66,000 for FY2008, whether
or not they would be recognized as H-2B “returning workers” under the
provisions of law currently applicable to FY2007 start dates. In the
event that the “returning worker” provisions are reauthorized for FY2008,
and if employers continue to identify and certify “returning workers” in
their H-2B filings, USCIS will be able to identify appropriate individuals
as cap exempt and thus adjust its running cap counts for H-2B accordingly,
making more numbers available to other workers.
If Congress has not extended the “returning worker” provisions by
the time USCIS reaches the 33,000 cap for H-2B workers (including those
provisionally designated as “returning workers”) for the first half
of FY2008, USCIS will announce that the cap has been reached and will
reject further cap-subject H-2B filings.
Petitions for current H-2B workers do not count towards the congressionally
mandated H-2B cap.
Accordingly, USCIS will continue to process petitions
- Extend the stay of a current H-2B worker in the United States.
- Change the terms of employment for current H-2B workers.
- Allow current H-2B workers to change or add employers.