PERM Labor Certification Process

Learn About PERM Labor Certification Process And Documents Checklist

Applying For PERM Labor Certification

A. The Process

In order to certify that there are no U.S. workers who are willing, qualified and able to perform the job offered, the employer must conduct bona fide recruitment. If the employer is unable to find any U.S. workers who are willing, qualified and able to perform the job offered, then the employer may file the
ETA Form 9089 with the Department of Labor.

  1. The employer must obtain a Prevailing Wage Determination from the National Prevailing Wage and Helpdesk Center of the DOL. The offered wage for the job opportunity cannot be lower than the prevailing wage
  2. Depending on the nature of the job and the requirements, the employer must perform a statutorily defined set of recruitment steps which includes the placement of advertisements regarding the job opening. The ad must contain the name of the employer and provide a description of the job opening sufficient and specific enough to apprise U.S. workers of the job opportunity. The ad must also indicate the geographic location of the job opening. Most importantly, the ad must not contain any requirements or duties that are not on the ETA 9089 or contain any wages or terms and conditions of employment that are less favorable than those offered to the foreign national. The employer must keep a record of the recruitment effort.
  3. Notice must be given to the employer’s bargaining representative that a DOL labor certification will be filed. If there is no bargaining representative, then notice must be given to the employer’s employees which must be a written notice posted for 10 business days.
  4. The employer must interview all candidates who apply and meet the position requirements. If the employer rejects any U.S. worker, it must be for a lawful job-related reason. If any qualified U.S. worker is identified, then the labor certification application cannot be filed.
  5. The employer will evaluate job candidates against the job criteria (as will be established in Form ETA-9089, Application for Permanent Employment Certification) and must prepare a Recruitment Report that must be kept for the Audit File. The recruitment report is a summarization of the applications received and the candidates interviewed, including any decisions made to hire or not hire the candidates.
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B. Filing the Labor Certification Application

If no U.S. workers are found, then the employer may file the ETA Form 9089 electronically (the preferred method) or via the traditional paper method. The application must describe in detail the job duties, educational requirements, training, experience and/or other special capabilities the applicant must possess to do the work, and a statement of the prospective immigrant’s qualifications.

The Department of Labor (DOL) reviews the application for completeness and assesses whether the wage being offered and designated requirements are met.

The ETA Form 9089 must be filed within 180 days of the first ad/recruitment method being placed but no less than 30 days after the last ad is running.

Per the regulations, the DOL may approve, deny or audit the application. If audited, the DOL will request a copy of the recruitment report and details of the recruitment. The Audit Notification may also contain a request for additional information or clarification if there is an issue with the PERM application. The DOL may also request that the employer conduct additional recruitment through a process called Supervised Recruitment.

The Labor Certification for green card process can sometimes take several years, especially in the case of an audit or denial.
View the Latest Labor Certification Processing Times


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