The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) today announced the 100
questions and answers that comprise the civics component of the new naturalization
test. USCIS will administer this new test to citizenship applicants beginning
in October 2008.
Earlier this year, more than 6,000 citizenship applicants volunteered to take
a pilot version of the test at 10 USCIS sites across the country during a four-month
period. The 100 new civics items on the new naturalization test were selected
after USCIS, a panel of history and government scholars, and English as a Second
Language (ESL) teachers conducted a thorough review of the responses to the 142
items on the pilot test.
In the words of USCIS Director Emilio Gonzalez “We are very proud of this
new test, and the open manner that we worked with our stakeholders throughout
this entire process,” he also added, “Together, we developed a test
that will encourage citizenship applicants to learn and identify with the basic
civic values that unite us as Americans.”
The revised naturalization test is slated to strengthen assimilation efforts by
emphasizing fundamental concepts of American democracy, basic U.S. history, and
the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. It will also promote patriotism
among prospective citizens. Following the pilot, USCIS refined the questions and
answers, dropping several and adjusting others to increase clarity, narrowing
the list to the new 100 questions. The range of acceptable answers to questions
will increase so that applicants may learn more about a topic and select from
a wider range of responses.
For instance, one of the new questions with a range of correct answers is: “What
is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?” The applicant may respond
with a variety of possible answers such as speech, religion, assembly, press,
and petition the government.
USCIS conducted the pilot during actual citizenship interviews in 10 districts
across the country: Albany, NY; Boston, MA; Charleston, SC; Denver, CO; El Paso,
TX; Kansas City, MO; Miami, FL; San Antonio, TX; Tucson, AZ; and Yakima, WA. Volunteers
who participated in this pilot test achieved a 92.4 percent overall pass rate
on the first try. The pass rates by test component were: civics, 93.7 percent;
reading, 99.8 percent; and writing, 99 percent.
Following the pilot, USCIS and an expert technical advisory group affiliated with
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) reviewed the responses
and re-piloted several re-phrased questions at 64 civics and citizenship classroom
sites across the country. This secondary review was primarily focused on groups
of individuals possessing Low-Beginning to High-Beginning levels of English comprehension
to ensure that the average citizenship applicant was able to understand the question
and answer items.
USCIS has posted the 100 new question and answers, the reading and writing vocabulary
lists, a side-by-side comparison of the current and new test, answers to frequently
asked questions and other information about the new test online at: http://www.uscis.gov/newtest.